Question and Answer is the 1978 ACE title of a story written by Poul Anderson in 1954 in Astounding Science Fiction. The serialized story was then published in entirety as: Planet of No Return (1956). My 1978 edition has Michael Whelan’s cover art on it. No part of the text was changed since its serialization.
Originally, the narrative tells us, a professional scientist was approached to “design a planet” which was Earth-like. Three writers were then provided this setting and asked to write about it. Sort of an early “shared universe” attempt. The three writers were allegedly Poul Anderson, Isaac Asimov, and James Blish. There is only speculation regarding the so-called “professional scientist.” Anyway, this short history is given as the introduction in this edition. Poul Anderson makes a further comment about how planet-building is fun.
The careless publishers also made an error on the back-of-the-book’s write-up. They put the wrong spaceship (De Gama instead of the Hudson). This isn’t a big thing, but it irked me.
The story itself does not seem too far removed from the present day. The civilizations of Sol (our galaxy) are overpopulated and are looking for another Earth to colonize. Apparently, colonies have already struck out onto Luna (the moon), Venus, and Mars. There has been a lot of war in the last two centuries, political/religious agendas have divided the people of Sol.
The first character we meet in the novel is actually not the main character. Kemal Gummus-lugil is in the process of a radiation meltdown situation aboard a spaceship. We meet the main character, John Lorenzen, next. Immediately, I took a dislike to him. He is mopey and weak. Frankly, other characters in the novel often call him weak. Naturally, he has to overcome his fatal personality flaw by the end of the novel and has to be the “determined/strong” character. It is obvious and a little annoying.
The next character we meet is Edward Avery. He is a psychomed and he plays the role of therapist/human resources on the ship. He is subordinate to Captain Hamilton, but also seems to be always on his own agenda. There are several other characters that are mentioned by name, Thornton and Fernandez. But also Friedrich von Osten. The thing is, the reader is led to believe (via storyline and Avery’s presence) that humanity and psychology plays some role in this novel. So, the seemingly diverse (ethnicity, backgrounds, political/religious affiliations) might be relevant to the story. And they are – except Anderson writes all of von Osten’s dialogue phonetically. It gets really aggravating to read; especially because von Osten is also portrayed as combative and aggressive. He is the only character that Anderson tries to demonstrate lingo-ethnicity.
Some residual (post WW2) distancing/transference regarding Germans/Germany, eh Poul?
Avery tells us:
The human mind is a weird and tortuous thing. It’s perfectly possible to believe in a dozen mutually contradictory things at once. Few people ever really learn how to think at all; those who do, think only with the surface of their minds. The rest is still conditioned reflex and rationalization of a thousand subconscious fears and hates and longings. We’re finally getting a science of man – a real science; we’re finally learning how a child must be brought up if he is to be truly sane. But it’ll take a long time before the results show on any large scale. There is so much insanity left over from all our history, so much built into the very structure of human society. – pg. 13, Chapter 2
Well, this paragraph, early in the novel, should give readers a pretty fat clue as to how this whole sucker is going to turn out in the end. Frankly, I am only giving this novel two stars because Poul Anderson is not a writer I like because of what he does in novels like this.
They had a professional scientist play make-believe and create a planet. They had celebrity writers (Asimov, Blish) lined up to write in a shared universe about said planet. And Anderson had so much potential, because, well, he is not an idiot and he does write with sufficient skill. But somehow, just like whatever else I read by Anderson, he sucks all of the fun totally out of the story.
Stories can be written with moralizing, with ruminating on humankind, with criticisms about politics and religion – that do not sacrifice every single fun part of a story. I have said this before, if Anderson wants to write non-fiction (e.g. memoirs, journals, aphorisms, etc.) he should have done that. But man, he kills a story like no one else.
Like a gigantic kosmic fun-sucker. SSSSSSSLLLLUUURRRRP.
So, a diverse group of humans (and their crazy personalities) with a lot at stake, travel to Troas to find a “new Earth.” There is so much science to be done. And on top of this, the grand mystery of why the first expedition (the De Gama) did not return should be investigated and resolved. Tension! Adventure! Excitement! Hard empirical science! So much potential.
Instead, a slow-moving story with obvious plotlines. An annoying main character who is utterly predictable. Opinions and pseudo-lectures on what is good for Man, what Man ought to do, who has the right path selected for Man, and what Man deserves. It renders the plot pointless, ignores all of the cool potential available, and makes a slog of a novel.
It is not a bad novel, per se. It just has no fun in it whatsoever – which is made worse by the fact that it is super-obvious that there should be fun contained within.