cyberpunk

Equations of Life

"Equations of Life" - Simon Morden; ORBIT

“Equations of Life” – Simon Morden; ORBIT

Equations of Life by Simon Morden was first published in 2011.  It is the first of a short series of novels called the Metrozone series featuring the main character, Samuil Petrovich.  This novel won the 2012 Philip K. Dick Award.  According to the Award’s website:  “The Philip K. Dick Award is presented annually with the support of the Philip K. Dick Trust for distinguished science fiction published in paperback original form in the United States. The award is sponsored by the Philadelphia Science Fiction Society…”

This novel belongs to that gloriously alluring subgenre of science fiction sometimes referred to as “cyberpunk.”  I put that in quotes because I am certain that many fans of science fiction have all sorts of opinions about the definition of that subgenre. But speaking to the general, and maybe somewhat superficial, reader of science fiction, cyberpunk has some identified members that everyone always mentions. Neuromancer – William Gibson (1984) is usually the first novel people discuss. But there’s others that one might like to know about such as Snow Crash by Neal Stephenson (1992), The Shockwave Rider – John Brunner (1975), and Islands in the Net – Bruce Sterling (1988).  I reviewed Neuromancer on this blog, but also The Electric Church – by Jeff Somers (2007), which is another entry into cyberpunk.

Allegedly, according to the almighty Internet, the term itself was first used in context by Bruce Bethke in 1980. Sterling wrote that cyberpunk includes a “combination of lowlife and high tech” and I think this is very much the best broad-strokes definition. The genre tends to feature urban settings – sometimes in decay. The atmosphere has machinery, neon lights, gritty streets, and cyber-cafes/computer-ware. Usually, while the tech seems very futuristic, it often is cobbled together by loners, anti-establishment people, and/or hackers. See glimpses of the scenery in movies like:  Hackers, Blade Runner, The Matrix, Ghost in the Shell, and Johnny Mnemonic.

So, one of the things that Morden gets absolutely correct is the setting. It feels exactly how it should for this novel. It does a lot of work for the novel. The setting is  post-apocalyptic; in this case meaning some meta-scale event (likely a war) has reshaped the planet’s countries politically and geographically.  Morden does really well in this book by keeping the details of the event vague and only alluded to. This works so well and is such a good idea that I feel he deserves extra praise for not getting too deep into the backstory. On a smaller scale, the main character, Petrovich, exists in the Metrozone. What is this? Its a rearranged, divided, torn-up resemblance to what may have been London; places like Hyde Park, Regent’s Park, and Piccadilly are referenced.

The book begins building the setting by appealing to all the reader’s senses. Petrovich describes the light, the smells, the noises.

“…all he could hear was the all-pervading hum of machines:  those that made power, those that used it, pushing, pulling, winding, spinning, sucking, blowing, filtering, pumping, heating and cooling.” page 1

This is a deeply urban setting where the sounds you hear are machinery. And throughout the rest of chapter one and into the start of the second, it feels gritty, over-populated, and cityscaped. In chapter two is the event that is the catalyst for the whole novel.

Petrovich is a young Russian guy. He is very intelligent within mathematics (and likely computer programming and some physics).  Petrovich isn’t his real name – and frankly, even by the end of the book, we do not know a lot of the “paperwork” things about him. The reader gets the impression that he is a mix of refugee and survivor.  We do, however, know more about his personality, character, reasoning, and strengths and weaknesses.  As I read, Petrovich first seemed overdone, his Russian-ness, his attitudes, his basic fiction-character archetype seemed too blatant. However, the character grew on me, and no matter what, I was rooting for him.  What I liked about Morden’s writing of Petrovich is that several times, Petrovich’s decisions are very honest and realistic decisions – and not, as found sometimes in fiction books – plot devices, plot machining, or character misrepresentations.

While Petrovich is the main character, there is another character that readers will likely really enjoy. The entertaining and awesome nun, Sister Madeleine.  I definitely want to know more about this whole situation. Nuns that are bodyguards? Or genetically-enhanced with Vatican-issued/approved firearms? Yes. Great. I’m all-in on this neat concept.  I do have a smallish complaint about how a particular aspect of this character goes, though.  Writing flaw? I am not sure.  But I absolutely loved the parts wherein Maddy is driving the manual transmission vehicle.

The supporting characters, Pif, Grigori, Wong are all successes. I do not have any issue with them. At one point, Wong is surprising and deepens the cyberpunk/espionage element of the novel. I love how Pif is utterly disinterested and distant to the outrageous incidents that occur around her. It isn’t that she is ignorant and that is what makes her character so fascinating as well. She may be, also, one of the most honest characters (particularly regarding Petrovich) in the novel.

Morden shuffles the possibilities for villains and enemies really well. In cyberpunk, everyone and everything can be an enemy. The reader is, for the most part, never on solid ground deciding who the bad guys are. This is a good idea, but not easy to execute and I think the author did a good job with it.

All of the above are why I gave this novel four stars. However, there are some major issues. Often enough the sentence structure – or sentence placement itself – seems really off. Not just awkward, but as if totally incorrectly located. Its absolutely jarring when it occurs. It takes getting used to and I just kept reading, but there are bone-shaking sentences that don’t “work” with the prose. Luckily, they are not frequent enough to spoil much at all.

Another issue is that for the majority of the novel, literally nothing much seems to be happening except Petrovich going here and there in town and meeting with various people. Its a way, obviously, to introduce characters and motives. But honestly, it also feels redundant and after awhile, I did ask myself:  is the plot actually going anywhere here?

I own books two and three of this series. I definitely want to read them. I think readers of cyberpunk will enjoy the novel because it is a solid entry into this subgenre. It is not a perfect novel, but it is highly entertaining and many elements (setting, characters, villainy) are well-done.

4 stars

Neuromancer

NeuromancerI finally finished Neuromancer by William Gibson.  I know that many people have already read the book, so writing a review for it – or including basic info about the book itself – seems almost pointless.  In any case, this novel was published in 1984 and is Gibson’s first novel.  It won the Nebula, Hugo, and Philip K. Dick awards.

Many people consider Neuromancer to be the first “cyberpunk” novel.  However, I’ve found that it is difficult to get a good, consensus-approved definition for “cyberpunk.”  There are a whole lot of things that came after Neuromancer that were derivative of the ideas/concepts it contains, but there are even somethings in Neuromancer that can be seen as developments from previous sparks of genius in other novels, movies, etc.  So, the fluidity of defining “cyberpunk” and attempting to make a reasonable timeline is fun, but not entirely accurate.  My experience with “cyberpunk” has come from watching Hackers, Blade Runner, and of course The Matrix.  Frankly, after reading this, those movies tended to lose a little in terms of how coolly originally I thought they were (particularly The Matrix).

The main thing new readers need to understand about this novel is that it requires work.  Those readers who skim or who are used to books which have lots of throw-away pages need to realize that that is not going to happen with this novel.  The reader needs to read every word – no skimming, no skipping.  I do not really know if this is because it was Gibson’s first novel or if he really planned it so that the reader has to work as hard as the main character – but either way, it’s no good to speed-read this novel.

Neuromancer is broken into four main chunks, with an epilogue.

  • Part One: Chiba City Blues
  • Part Two:  The Shopping Expedition
  • Part Three:  Midnight in the Rue Jules Verne
  • Part Four:  The Straylight Run

Overall, I did not like the plot of the novel.  It’s okay, but not really something I think came first. Somehow, to me, it seems like Gibson developed the plot after all of the other parts of the novel. The plot is that an insanely rich and old family has built a structure (with Victorian quirks) up in orbit where they cryogenically freeze and clone themselves.  One of the members of the family devises a really intense A.I. system. The A.I. system wants to destroy itself or the family or something – and it’s divided into two parts (similar to lobes in a brain).  The one part, Wintermute, arranges several “people” to break into the family’s structure and mainframe and complete this goal.

None of the characters are particularly likeable.  Most are highly drugged or oddly machine-enhanced.  The story is more or less told from Henry Dorsett Case’s viewpoint.  On his little crew of bandits include Molly (perhaps the most likeable character), Dixie Flatline (a ROM saved-consciousness), and Armitage (a really screwed up human). Eventually, Case needs some muscle in his crew so we are introduced to the character Maelcum – who is very what-you-see-is-what-you-get.  And if you look at these characters, you really get the mix of characters from The Matrix. In fact, it’s difficult to consider Molly as being other than Trinity.  There are a bunch of other characters, including Peter Riviera (much like Cypher from The Matrix).  I really think the Riviera character is skeevy and disturbing; Gibson really makes this character extremely yucky on purpose.

When you start reading the novel, the whole first part will leave you feeling like “what the heck?” and I feel this is precisely what Gibson wanted.  It’s a weird futuristic world in which some placenames are familiar, but nothing about the landscape makes any sense – at least to me.  Case spends time running and hustling, but it’s really difficult to figure out what the purpose is.  Terms are thrown at the reader and everything just seems messy.  It really helps to read this book in a book club or with a reading guide, I think.  Anyway, there is definitely cyberpunk in this novel – and if you like the concept of “jacking-in” to the matrix and arguing with A.I.’s who can tap into your memories, you will probably like this book.  However, it is not simply about computer jockeys.  For example, the bulk of the story takes place in orbit above the earth. For example, L5 is a designation in the book that I actually looked up online:

Lagrange points, L-points are the five positions in an orbital configuration where a small object affected only by gravity can theoretically be stationary relative to two larger objects

Anyway, the L5 thing only occurs once or twice in passing – so unless you are reading every word carefully, you would miss this. And I think looking it up really helped my understanding of the setting.  It’s difficult enough to hang out in the matrix or be shadowing a real human via implants.  There are some parts of nice writing. For example in chapter two, Gibson describes a corridor as Case is “. . . . shuffling through a trampled mulch of ticket stubs and styrofoam cups” – and I really think this is a nice metaphor. It’s precisely what one experiences, say, at a stadium of an NFL game.  Or a busy state fair. Or something like a major international soccer match.  The trouble is, Gibson tried to use this metaphor a few other times in the novel, and it then seemed overused.  There were a couple of places of esoteric purple prose – scenes that describe what Case is “seeing” while in the matrix or whatnot. These scenes talk about him wanting to taste the color blue and seeing weird stuff – I get the concept that the matrix really affects Case, but some of this was a little too “LSD” for me.

I can understand why this is such a significant book.  I can also understand why it won the awards it did. However, there are points where I feel Gibson is making the reader do a little too much work.  Also, the plot, overall, is not really all that great – or maybe I needed a little bit more depth to it. I finished the book and I still have no idea about this weird Tessier-Ashpool SA family.  Also, I am disheartened Case never sees Molly again. Boo. She was fun.

3 stars